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New model of reef-island evolution; Maldives, Indian Ocean

P. S. Kench, R. F. McLean and S. L. Nichol
New model of reef-island evolution; Maldives, Indian Ocean
Geology (Boulder) (February 2005) 33 (2): 145-148


A new model of reef-island evolution, based on detailed morphostratigraphic analysis and radiometric dating of three islands in South Maalhosmadulu Atoll, Maldives, is presented. Islands initially formed on a foundation of lagoonal sediments between 5500 and 4500 yr B.P. when the reef surface was as much as 2.5 m below modern sea level. Islands accumulated rapidly during the following 1500 yr, effectively reaching their current dimensions by 4000 yr B.P. Since then the high circum-island peripheral ridge has been subject to seasonal and longer-term shoreline changes, while the outer reef has grown upward, reducing the energy window and confining the islands. This new model has far-reaching implications for island stability during a period of global warming and raised sea level, which will partially reactivate the energy window, although it is not expected to inhibit upward reef growth or compromise island stability.

ISSN: 0091-7613
EISSN: 1943-2682
Serial Title: Geology (Boulder)
Serial Volume: 33
Serial Issue: 2
Title: New model of reef-island evolution; Maldives, Indian Ocean
Affiliation: University of Auckland, School of Geography and Environmental Science, Auckland, New Zealand
Pages: 145-148
Published: 200502
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 16
Accession Number: 2005-016758
Categories: Quaternary geologyGeochronology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sects., 1 table, sketch map
S01°00'00" - N07°19'60", E72°00'00" - E74°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of New South Wales, AUS, Australia
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 200507
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