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Developing a protocol for the conversion of rank-based taxon names to phylogenetically defined clade names, as exemplified by turtles

Walter G. Joyce, James F. Parham and Jacques Armand Gauthier
Developing a protocol for the conversion of rank-based taxon names to phylogenetically defined clade names, as exemplified by turtles
Journal of Paleontology (September 2004) 78 (5): 989-1013

Abstract

We present a rank-free phylogenetic nomenclature for 25 well-established ancient clades of living turtles. This is the first attempt to document fully the nomenclatural history of a clade with the intent of proposing a coherent nomenclatural system to replace the traditional rank-based nomenclature. Because of the imperative to retain connectivity to the literature for information retrieval, due consideration is given to balancing the desire to develop a consistent system against the desire to conserve traditional associations between names, taxa (i.e., clades), and characters. Novel issues and problems that emerged during this review include: the unclear name/clade association of traditional names; the creation of synonymy lists from which to choose a name; difficulties associated with selecting a single criterion for choosing among multiple "subjectively synonymous" names; identifying authorship for a converted traditional name; and the potential loss of nomenclatural information due to "functional homonyms". This work may provide a useful road map to those intent on converting their traditional rank-based nomenclatures to explicitly phylogenetic nomenclatures under the precepts of the PhyloCode.


ISSN: 0022-3360
EISSN: 1937-2337
Coden: JPALAZ
Serial Title: Journal of Paleontology
Serial Volume: 78
Serial Issue: 5
Title: Developing a protocol for the conversion of rank-based taxon names to phylogenetically defined clade names, as exemplified by turtles
Affiliation: Yale University, Department of Geology and Geophysics, New Haven, CT, United States
Pages: 989-1013
Published: 200409
Text Language: English
Publisher: Paleontological Society, Lawrence, KS, United States
References: 130
Accession Number: 2004-076534
Categories: Vertebrate paleontology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: Includes appendices
Illustration Description: illus.
Secondary Affiliation: University of California at Berkeley, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200422
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