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Stylolites, primary or secondary?

Paris Buell Stockdale
Stylolites, primary or secondary?
Journal of Sedimentary Petrology (April 1943) 13 (1): 3-12


The solution theory for the origin of stylolites has been further studied in light of the substitute "contraction-pressure" theory recently proposed by B M. Shaub. According to his theory stylolites are a primary structure which originated while sediments were in the unconsolidated state from differential pressure and contraction which compelled "transfer of material by plastic flow." The solution theory holds that stylolites are a secondary phenomenon developed after consolidation and hardening of strata through rock removal by differential chemical solution. The preponderance of field evidence along many lines shows that stylolite-making has involved removal of rock material after lithification of the sediments and that stylolites are, therefore, a secondary phenomenon. Attention is focused upon a recently discovered occurrence of large and well-defined stylolites in sharply laminated limestone which gives no evidence of readjustment or reshaping of sediments through differential squeezing or flow. Field evidence bearing upon the timing of stylolite-making and upon the actual removal of rock at the sites of stylolites is summarized.

ISSN: 0022-4472
Serial Title: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology
Serial Volume: 13
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Stylolites, primary or secondary?
Pages: 3-12
Published: 194304
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Tulsa, OK, United States
Accession Number: 1949-016129
Categories: Sedimentary petrology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
Source Note: abs., Ohio Jour. Sci., p. 415-416, Nov. 1941; Tenn. Acad. Sci. Jour., p. 206, Apr. 1942.
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from Bibliography and Index of North American Geology, U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, United States
Update Code: 1949
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