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Order/disorder in natrolite group zeolites; a (super 29) Si and (super 27) Al MAS NMR study

Philip S. Neuhoff, Scott Kroeker, Lin-Shu Du, Thrainn Fridriksson and Jonathan F. Stebbins
Order/disorder in natrolite group zeolites; a (super 29) Si and (super 27) Al MAS NMR study
American Mineralogist (October 2002) 87 (10): 1307-1320


Disordering of Si and Al in natrolite, scolecite, mesolite, and gonnardite was investigated with (super 29) Si and (super 27) Al magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectroscopy. The results indicate that with the exception of one sample of natrolite (from San Benito County, California), the natrolite, mesolite, and scolecite samples studied all exhibit small degrees (<10% Al occupancy of Si sites) of Si-Al disorder. The spectra for these samples are consistent with Al avoidance. Gonnardite is confirmed to have extensive Si-Al disorder, with only slight preferential Si occupation of the T1 site. Fits of (super 29) Si MAS NMR spectra and mathematical relations based on Al avoidance were used to calculate Si and Al occupancies across the tetrahedral sites in these minerals. Configurational entropies arising from Si-Al disorder in natrolite, mesolite, and scolecite can add an addition 1-2% [up to 11 J/(mol.K)] to the total entropies of these phases at 298.15 K, whereas it may add as much as 7% to that of gonnardite [up to 27.7J/(mol.K)]. These results also concur with previous observations of a gap in Si-Al disordering between orthorhombic and tetragonal natrolite samples and suggest that the state of disorder in natrolite is a function of temperature. The (super 29) Si MAS NMR spectrum of gonnardite is consistent with a disordered natrolite framework structure, and not an intergrowth of thomsonite and natrolite structural domains.

ISSN: 0003-004X
EISSN: 1945-3027
Serial Title: American Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 87
Serial Issue: 10
Title: Order/disorder in natrolite group zeolites; a (super 29) Si and (super 27) Al MAS NMR study
Affiliation: University of Florida, Department of Geological Sciences, Gainesville, FL, United States
Pages: 1307-1320
Published: 200210
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, United States
References: 59
Accession Number: 2003-003968
Categories: Mineralogy of silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 5 tables
N36°13'00" - N36°58'00", W121°37'00" - W120°37'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Manitoba, CAN, CanadaStanford University, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200301
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