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Description and crystal structure of bobkingite, Cu (super 2+) (sub 5) Cl (sub 2) (OH) (sub 8) (H (sub 2) O) (sub 2) , a new mineral from New Cliffe Hill Quarry, Stanton-under-Bardon, Leicestershire, UK

F. C. Hawthorne, M. A. Cooper, J. D. Grice, A. C. Roberts and N. Hubbard
Description and crystal structure of bobkingite, Cu (super 2+) (sub 5) Cl (sub 2) (OH) (sub 8) (H (sub 2) O) (sub 2) , a new mineral from New Cliffe Hill Quarry, Stanton-under-Bardon, Leicestershire, UK
Mineralogical Magazine (April 2002) 66 (2): 301-311

Abstract

Bobkingite, ideally Cu (super 2+) (sub 5) Cl (sub 2) (OH) (sub 8) (H (sub 2) O) (sub 2) , is a new mineral from the New Cliffe Hill Quarry, Stanton-under-Bardon, Leicestershire, England. It occurs as very thin (< or =5 mu m) transparent plates up to 0.2 mm across, perched on a compact fibrous crust of malachite and crystalline azurite attached to massive cuprite. Crystals are tabular on {001} with dominant {001} and minor {100} and {110}. Bobkingite is a soft pale blue colour with a pale-blue streak, vitreous lustre and no observable fluorescence under ultraviolet light. It has perfect {001} and fair {100} cleavages, no observable parting, conchoidal fracture, and is brittle. Its Mohs' hardness is 3 and the calculated density is 3.254 g/cm (super 3) . Bobkingite is biaxial negative with alpha = 1.724(2), beta = 1.745(2), gamma = 1.750(2), 2V (sub gamma meas) = 33(6) degrees , 2V (sub calc) = 52 degrees , pleochroism distinct, X = very pale blue, Z = pale greenish blue, Xa = 22 degrees (in beta obtuse), Y = c, Z = b. Bobkingite is monoclinic, space group C2/m, unit-cell parameters (refined from powder data): a = 10.301(8), b = 6.758(3), c = 8.835(7) Aa, beta = 111.53(6) degrees , V = 572.1(7) Aa (super 3) Z = 2. The seven strongest lines in the X-ray powder-diffraction pattern are [d (Aa), I, (hkl)]: 8.199, 100, (001); 5.502, 100, (110); 5.029, 40, (201); 2.883, 80, (310); 2.693, 40, (113); 2.263, 40, (113), (403); 2.188, 50, (223). Chemical analysis by electron microprobe and crystal-structure solution and refinement gave CuO 70.46, Cl 12.71, H (sub 2) O 19.19, O identical with Cl-2.87, sum 99.49 wt.%, where the amount of H (sub 2) O was determined by crystal-structure analysis. The resulting empirical formula on the basis of 12 anions (including 8 (OH) and 2H (sub 2) O) is Cu (sub 4.99) Cl (sub 2.02) O (sub 10) H (sub 12) . The crystal structure was solved by direct methods and refined to an R index of 2.6% for 638 observed reflections measured with X-rays on a single crystal. Three distinct (Cuphi (sub 6) ) (phi = unspecified anion) octahedra share edges to form a framework that is related to the structures of paratacamite and the Cu (sub 2) (OH) (sub 3) Cl polymorphs, atacamite and clinoatacamite. The mineral is named for Robert King, formerly of the Department of Geology, Leicester University, prominent mineral collector and founding member of the Russell Society. The mineral and its name have been approved by the Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names of the International Mineralogical Association.


ISSN: 0026-461X
EISSN: 1471-8022
Coden: MNLMBB
Serial Title: Mineralogical Magazine
Serial Volume: 66
Serial Issue: 2
Title: Description and crystal structure of bobkingite, Cu (super 2+) (sub 5) Cl (sub 2) (OH) (sub 8) (H (sub 2) O) (sub 2) , a new mineral from New Cliffe Hill Quarry, Stanton-under-Bardon, Leicestershire, UK
Affiliation: University of Manitoba, Department of Geological Sciences, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
Pages: 301-311
Published: 200204
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society, London, United Kingdom
References: 23
Accession Number: 2002-073315
Categories: Mineralogy of non-silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 7 tables
N52°30'00" - N53°00'00", W01°40'00" - W00°40'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Canadian Museum of Nature, CAN, CanadaGeological Survey of Canada, CAN, Canada
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200223
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