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Investigation of the clay fraction (<2 mu m) of the Clay Minerals Society reference clays


We studied a set of 15 reference clays from The Clay Minerals Society (CMS) Source Clays repository. Our aim was to use them as reference materials in our version of the QUAX mineral database. The QUAX software (Quantitative Phase-Analysis with X-ray Powder Diffraction) has been used successfully at the KTB site (German Continental Deep Drilling) to determine mineral assemblages quickly, in an automatic fashion, on a large number of samples ( approximately 40,000). It was also applied to Quaternary marine sediments of the Japan Sea. Our current research focuses on marine and lacrustrine sediments from the Arctic Ocean and Siberia. QUAX is a full-pattern method using a reference materials database. The quality of a particular quantification depends on the availability of the relevant mineral phases in the database. Our aim is to extend and improve the database continuously with new data from our current projects, particularly from clay and feldspar minerals. A reference material in the QUAX software must be monomineralic. Before X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of CMS clays could be added to the database, quantification of any impurities was necessary. After measuring the bulk material by XRD, the <2 mu m fraction was separated because we assumed it would contain the smallest amount of impurities. Here we present grain-size data, XRD data and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data for this clay-sized fraction. The results of chemical and mineralogical preparation techniques and (elemental) analysis methods were combined. For XRD, random and oriented clay-aggregate samples as well as pressed pellets for QUAX analysis were prepared. Semi-quantitative clay mineral determinations were run for comparison.

ISSN: 0009-8604
EISSN: 1552-8367
Serial Title: Clays and Clay Minerals
Serial Volume: 50
Serial Issue: 3
Title: Investigation of the clay fraction (<2 mu m) of the Clay Minerals Society reference clays
Affiliation: Universitaet Bremen, FB Geowissenschaften/Geo Sciences, Bremen, Federal Republic of Germany
Pages: 388-400
Published: 200206
Text Language: English
Publisher: Clay Minerals Society, Clarkson, NY, United States
References: 33
Accession Number: 2002-064839
Categories: Sedimentary petrology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 5 tables, sketch map
N71°00'00" - N81°30'00", E96°30'00" - E142°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, DEU, Federal Republic of Germany
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200220
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