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Mineralogical and Moessbauer spectroscopic study of a diopside occurring in the marbles of Andranondambo, southern Madagascar

Johan de Grave, Paul de Paepe, Eddy de Grave, Renaud Vochten and Sigrid G. Eeckhout
Mineralogical and Moessbauer spectroscopic study of a diopside occurring in the marbles of Andranondambo, southern Madagascar
American Mineralogist (January 2002) 87 (1): 132-141

Abstract

Dark pyroxene crystals found in a calcite vein cutting across marbles and skarns at Andranondambo, southern Madagascar, were investigated with various techniques in order to characterize and identify the mineral phase. Methods applied include powder X-ray diffraction, thin-section microscopy, electron-microprobe analysis, densimetry, and thermogravimetry coupled to mass spectrometry (TGA-MS), FTIR, and Mossbauer spectroscopy. The chemical composition of the mineral phase was determined as {Ca (sub 0.98) , Na (sub 0.03) } [Mg (sub 0.68) , Fe (super 2+) (sub 0.07) Fe (super 3+) (sub 0.03) , Al (sub 0.16) , Ti (sub 0.04) ](Si (sub 1.77) , Al (sub 0.23) )O (sub 6) . The refined unit-cell parameters are: a = 9.719(2) Aa, b = 8.838(2) Aa, c = 5.287(1) Aa, beta = 106.05(2) degrees , and V = 436.33(6) Aa (super 3) . The refractive indices are: alpha = 1.690+ or -0.002, beta = 1.700+ or -0.002, and gamma = 1.712+ or -0.002. The density is 3.370 (55) g/cm (super 3) . The mean refractive index calculated from the chemical composition yields a Mandarino compatibility index of K = -0.0167. From the various analytical data, we were able to conclude that the mineral corresponds to Fe- and Ti-bearing aluminian diopside. TGA-MS data suggest the presence of calcite solid inclusions and minor H (sub 2) O and CO (sub 2) fluid inclusions. Chemical analyses of the calcite host matrix revealed clear rare earth element enrichment. Mossbauer spectra obtained at varying temperatures show the presence of Fe (super 2+) and Fe (super 3+) . Both exhibit broad quadrupole-splitting distributions, indicating widely fluctuating chemical and structural environments for the probe Fe nuclei. The broad temperature range (80-470 K) over which the spectra were collected resulted in a precise determination of the Fe (super 2+) /Fe (sub tot) ratio as 0.68, which is consistent with the chemical composition as determined from the microprobe analyses. For comparison, the Mossbauer spectra of two specimens of the type locality of aluminian diopside (the mineral formerly named "fassaite") were analyzed as well and found to be consistent with those obtained for the Madagascar crystals. The relation between mineral paragenesis and local geological features is briefly discussed.


ISSN: 0003-004X
EISSN: 1945-3027
Coden: AMMIAY
Serial Title: American Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 87
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Mineralogical and Moessbauer spectroscopic study of a diopside occurring in the marbles of Andranondambo, southern Madagascar
Affiliation: Ghent University, Department of Geology and Soil Science, Gent, Belgium
Pages: 132-141
Published: 200201
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, United States
References: 66
Accession Number: 2002-020528
Categories: Mineralogy of silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 4 tables
S25°40'00" - S11°52'00", E43°00'00" - E50°30'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200208
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