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Natural SnGeS (sub 3) from Radvanice near Trutnov (Czech Republic); its description, crystal structure refinement and solid solution with PbGeS (sub 3)

Jiri Sejkora, Peter Berlepsch, Emil Makovicky and Tonci Balic-Zunic
Natural SnGeS (sub 3) from Radvanice near Trutnov (Czech Republic); its description, crystal structure refinement and solid solution with PbGeS (sub 3)
European Journal of Mineralogy (August 2001) 13 (4): 791-800


Natural SnGeS (sub 3) is monoclinic, with space group P2 (sub 1) /c and with a = 7.2704(15) Aa, b = 10.197(2) Aa, c = 6.8463(14) Aa, beta = 105.34(3) degrees , V = 489.5 Aa (super 3) , a:b:c = 0.7130:1:0.6714, Z = 4 and D (sub calc) = 3.98 g/cm (super 3) . The strongest lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are (d in Aa/I/I (sub 0) (hkl)): 7.006/100 (100), 4.135/49 (120), 3.077/47 (130), 2.776/38 (022), 2.699/69 (211), 2.121/31 (320), 1.724/35 (41-2). It forms transparent, elastic and flexible flattened acicular crystals with cross-section 2-5X20-40 mu m and up to 1 cm in the length, which produce random or fan-shaped clusters on rock fragments and on black crumbly ash. It has an orange to yellowish red colour, very light yellowish brown streak, vitreous to adamantine lustre; VHN (sub 10g) microhardness is 55 kp/mm (super 2) (539 MPa); two types of perfect cleavage were established--perpendicular or oblique to elongation. No fluorescence at 254 and 366 nm of UV light was observed. In reflected light SnGeS (sub 3) is light greyish white with distinct orange brown internal reflections, anisotropic rotation tints are from dark brownish grey to reddish brown or brownish violet. Chemical analysis yields an average composition of Sn 40.47, Pb 0.29, Ge 22.73, Fe 0.03, Bi 0.27, Sb 0.10, As 0.10, S 31.42, Se 2.62, total 98.03 wt.%, leading to an empirical formula Sn (sub 1.02) Ge (sub 0.94) (S (sub 2.93) Se (sub 0.10) ) (sub Sigma 3.03) . SnGeS (sub 3) was also observed in multicomponent aggregates on which the above described acicular crystals grow. Phases of the SnGeS (sub 3) -PbGeS (sub 3) series in these aggregates form irregular grains 2-100 mu m in size with a more variable composition. They exhibit an extensive solid solution between Pb and Sn limited to 70 mol. % Pb in the Sn position. SnGeS (sub 3) formed under reducing conditions by direct crystallization from hot gasses (250-300 degrees C) at a depth of 30-60 cm under the surface of a burning coal mine dump of the Katerina mine at Radvanice near Trutnov, Czech Republic. It was found in close association with phases of the solid solutions Bi-Sb, Bi (sub 2) S (sub 3) -Sb (sub 2) S (sub 3) and Bi (sub 2) S (sub 3) -Bi (sub 2) Se (sub 3) ; Bi (sub 3) S (sub 2) , Cd (sub 4) GeS (sub 6) , SnS, CdIn (sub 2) S (sub 4) , GeAsS and GeS (sub 2) . The crystal structure of natural SnGeS (sub 3) was determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data: (R1 = 3.28% for 1026 reflections with F (sub 0) > 4sigma [F (sub 0) ]); it is isostructural with synthetic SnGeS (sub 3) . GeS (sub 4) forms maximally collapsed tetrahedral chains along c which are interconnected via Sn-S bonds which form wavy layers parallel to (100); layers are interconnected via weak Sn-S interactions thorough spaces filled by lone electron pairs. SnS (sub 5) has an unusual 1+4 coordination where four S atoms with very similar Sn-S distances define the base of a square pyramid. Inclusion of two distant S atoms complete the SnS (sub 7) monocapped trigonal prismatic coordination where the prism body hosts the lone electron-pair of Sn (super 2+) .

ISSN: 0935-1221
EISSN: 1617-4011
Serial Title: European Journal of Mineralogy
Serial Volume: 13
Serial Issue: 4
Title: Natural SnGeS (sub 3) from Radvanice near Trutnov (Czech Republic); its description, crystal structure refinement and solid solution with PbGeS (sub 3)
Affiliation: National Museum, Department of Mineralogy and Petrology, Prague, Czech Republic
Pages: 791-800
Published: 200108
Text Language: English
Publisher: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Naegele u. Obermiller), Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany
References: 21
Accession Number: 2001-065616
Categories: Mineralogy of non-silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 8 tables
N48°34'60" - N51°02'60", E12°22'60" - E18°53'60"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Copenhagen, DNK, Denmark
Country of Publication: Germany
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2020, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200120
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