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Geochemistry of the floodplain sediments of the Kaveri River, southern India

Pramod Singh and V. Rajamani
Geochemistry of the floodplain sediments of the Kaveri River, southern India
Journal of Sedimentary Research (January 2001) 71 (1): 50-60


The floodplain sediments of the Kaveri River, southern India, derived from Archean gneissic and charnockitic source regions, show interbedding of silty (4-4.7 Phi ) and sandy units (1.4-3.7 Phi ). The geochemistry of silty beds is remarkably uniform at a given location and over a lateral distance of nearly 250 km; the sandy beds have more variable chemical compositions, yet are comparable to those of silty beds except for the diluting effect of quartz. Silty sediments retain the geochemical signature of prominently exposed source rocks for almost all elements and provide evidence of tectonic instability in the source region. The floodplain sediments contain all size grades (sand, silt, and clay), which may have resulted in minimizing the biases imposed on suspended and bedload sediments due to sorting. The low Chemical Index of Alteration (CIA), the dominance of unweathered primary minerals, and the minor proportion of smectitic clay all suggest that the region has been subjected to little chemical weathering. This is possible if the region has undergone recent uplift, exposing fresh Archean rock to surface denudation. The formation of fertile farmland along the Kaveri River course and its delta is related to these recent geological processes.

ISSN: 1527-1404
EISSN: 1938-3681
Serial Title: Journal of Sedimentary Research
Serial Volume: 71
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Geochemistry of the floodplain sediments of the Kaveri River, southern India
Affiliation: Jawaharlal Nehru University, School of Environmental Sciences, New Delhi, India
Pages: 50-60
Published: 200101
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 57
Accession Number: 2001-036556
Categories: Geochemistry of rocks, soils, and sedimentsSedimentary petrology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables, geol. sketch map
N10°00'00" - N12°00'00", E77°00'00" - E79°00'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 200111
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