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The crystal structure of liottite, a six-layer member of the cancrinite group

Paolo Ballirano, Stefano Merlino, Elena Bonaccorsi and Adriana Maras
The crystal structure of liottite, a six-layer member of the cancrinite group
The Canadian Mineralogist (October 1996) 34, Part 5: 1021-1030


Liottite, ideally [(Na,K) (sub 16) Ca (sub 8) ][Si (sub 18) Al (sub 18) O (sub 72) ](SO (sub 4) ) (sub 5) Cl (sub 4) , is the six-layer member of the cancrinite group. The structure of liottite has been refined in space group P6 to R = 2.7% using single-crystal X-ray-diffraction data. The hexagonal-system cell parameters are a 12.870(1), c 16.096(2) Aa The structure consists of a perfectly (Si,Al)-ordered framework, as shown by an average Si-O bond distance of 1.610(5) Aa, and an average Al-O bond distance of 1.730(9) Aa. Within a unit cell, three base-sharing cancrinite cages are stacked along [1/3 2/3 z], 17-hedra ("losod" cages) alternate with cancrinite cages along [2/3 1/3 z], and 23-hedra ("liottite" cages) are stacked along [0 0 z]. The small cancrinite cage contains Ca at the center of the hexagonal base and Cl within the cage, except for the cancrinite cage stacked along [2/3 1/3 z], which shows a disordered distribution of F and Cl. The "losod" and "liottite" cages are occupied by two and three sulfate groups, respectively. The sulfate groups are separated by triplets of cations (Na, K, and Ca) around the axes of symmetry. The complex distribution of anions inside the cages is strongly influenced by the position of the extra-framework cations, which are disordered over various sites, and particularly by that of the Ca atoms near the center of the six-member rings of aluminosilicate tetrahedra.

ISSN: 0008-4476
EISSN: 1499-1276
Coden: CAMIA6
Serial Title: The Canadian Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 34, Part 5
Title: The crystal structure of liottite, a six-layer member of the cancrinite group
Affiliation: University of Pisa, Department of Earth Sciences, Pisa, Italy
Pages: 1021-1030
Published: 199610
Text Language: English
Summary Language: French
Publisher: Mineralogical Association of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
References: 30
Accession Number: 2001-034636
Categories: Mineralogy of silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 4 tables
Secondary Affiliation: University of Roma "La Sapienza", ITA, Italy
Country of Publication: Canada
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200111
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