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"Average" interdiffusion of (Fe,Mn)-Mg in natural diopside

Alexandre Dimanov and Violaine Sautter
"Average" interdiffusion of (Fe,Mn)-Mg in natural diopside
European Journal of Mineralogy (August 2000) 12 (4): 749-760


(Fe,Mn)-Mg interdiffusion has been investigated in single crystals of natural diopside at ambient pressure, high temperatures (900 degrees C to 1240 degrees C) and low oxygen fugacity (pO (sub 2) nearly equal 10 (super -18) atm to 10 (super -13) atm). Interdiffusion couples were made with polycrystalline ferro-johannsenite thin film ( approximately 250 Aa to approximately 500 Aa) as the iron and manganese reservoir (Fe/(Fe+Mn+Mg) approximately 48 at. %) and with diopside single crystals as the semi-infinite calcium- and magnesium-rich medium. The diopside specimens contain Fe as major impurity (Fe/(Fe+Mg) nearly equal 6 at. %). Diffusion profiles of Fe and Mn ranging from approximately 250 Aa to approximately 3500 Aa were analysed by Rutherford back-scattering spectrometry (RBS). This technique is well adapted to measurements of concentration profiles of heavy elements in silicates, but it can not resolve the signals from elements with nearly same mass (Fe and Mn). Therefore Fe and Mn concentration profiles overlap, but the characteristic shapes of the convoluted diffusion profiles indicate that Fe and Mn diffuse at similar rates. This is also confirmed by secondary-ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS), which allows one to obtain separately Fe and Mn concentration profiles. We obtained an "average" inter-diffusion coefficient characterised by an apparent activation energy of 406 kJ/mol and a pre-exponential factor of 0.955 cm (super 2) /s. Such a result is surprisingly low for a diffusion process involving Fe and Mg exchanges.

ISSN: 0935-1221
Serial Title: European Journal of Mineralogy
Serial Volume: 12
Serial Issue: 4
Title: "Average" interdiffusion of (Fe,Mn)-Mg in natural diopside
Affiliation: GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Potsdam, Federal Republic of Germany
Pages: 749-760
Published: 200008
Text Language: English
Publisher: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Naegele u. Obermiller), Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany
References: 52
Accession Number: 2001-025987
Categories: Mineralogy of silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 1 table
Secondary Affiliation: Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, FRA, France
Country of Publication: Germany
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200109
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