Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
GEOREF RECORD

Late Cretaceous-early Tertiary development of depositional basins in Samaria as a reflection of eastern Mediterranean tectonic evolution

E. Rosenthal, G. Weinberger, A. Almogi-Labin and A. Flexer
Late Cretaceous-early Tertiary development of depositional basins in Samaria as a reflection of eastern Mediterranean tectonic evolution
AAPG Bulletin (July 2000) 84 (7): 997-1014

Abstract

The Mt. Scopus Group in Israel consists of chalk, chert, phosphorite, organic-rich carbonate (locally known as oil shale), and shale of Coniacian-Paleocene age. The rock sequence includes several rock units, including the En-Zeitim Formation (with the related Har-Zefat Member), Mishash Formation, and Biriya Formation. Within the study area, the thicknesses of these rock units vary considerably (100-600 m), reflecting the geometry of basins that formed after the end of the Turonian and evolved during the early-late Senonian. Following the opening of the South Atlantic ridge during the Late Cretaceous, the convergence between Afro-Arabia and Eurasia generated a regional compressive regime throughout the eastern Mediterranean region. This compression formed the Syrian arc fold system that is characterized by a general northeastern direction; however, preexisting northeast- and northwest-directed fold and fault patterns responded differently in various areas. Chains of depocenters aligned along the northwest-directed faults subsided during different time increments. The bituminous chalk of Mt. Scopus Group preserved in these depocenters is considered a genuine petroleum source rock with a total organic carbon content of 10-15 wt. %. The tectonic pattern and the three-dimensional distribution of the impermeable sediments of Mt. Scopus Group are also important for groundwater exploitation in the area.


ISSN: 0149-1423
EISSN: 1558-9153
Coden: AABUD2
Serial Title: AAPG Bulletin
Serial Volume: 84
Serial Issue: 7
Title: Late Cretaceous-early Tertiary development of depositional basins in Samaria as a reflection of eastern Mediterranean tectonic evolution
Affiliation: Hydrological Service, Jerusalem, Israel
Pages: 997-1014
Published: 200007
Text Language: English
Publisher: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 53
Accession Number: 2000-062904
Categories: Economic geology, geology of energy sourcesStratigraphy
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. chart, 2 tables, sketch maps
N30°10'00" - N46°40'00", E10°00'00" - E42°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Geological Survey of Israel, ISR, IsraelTel Aviv University, ISR, Israel
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 200020
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal