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Location of sites for airstrips in North Greenland

Daniel B. Drinsley
Location of sites for airstrips in North Greenland (in Military geology in war and peace, James R. Underwood (editor) and Peter L. Guth (editor))
Reviews in Engineering Geology (1998) 13: 189-204


Engineering geological investigations of North Greenland for the purpose of locating sites suitable for airstrips were conducted by earth scientists of the U.S. Geological Survey, Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1956-1960. Potential sites that were approximately 5,000 ft (1,524 m) long with clear approaches, delineated through photogeologic studies and aerial reconnaissance, received on-site examination of their relief, frost features, drainage, depth to permafrost, soil composition, strength, and other engineering properties. The resulting favorable sites that required only a minimal amount of surface modification were selected for the test landings of heavy aircraft such as the C-124 and C-130. Successful landings were made at Bronlunds Fjord in 1957, at Polaris Promontory in 1959, and at Centrum Lake in 1960. Soils are strong enough to support heavy aircraft at these tested sites except during the spring thaw in June and July. Permafrost conditions at the North Greenland sites do not impose severe restrictions on minor grading and light construction if the surficial materials on and immediately adjacent to the airstrips are not extensively removed.

ISSN: 0080-2018
EISSN: 2169-799X
Coden: GAEGA4
Serial Title: Reviews in Engineering Geology
Serial Volume: 13
Title: Location of sites for airstrips in North Greenland
Title: Military geology in war and peace
Author(s): Drinsley, Daniel B.
Author(s): Underwood, James R., Jr.editor
Author(s): Guth, Peter L.editor
Affiliation: 2475 Virginia Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC, United States
Affiliation: Kansas State University, Department of Geology, Manhattan, KS, United States
Pages: 189-204
Published: 1998
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
ISBN: 0-8137-4113-0
References: 15
Accession Number: 1999-066814
Categories: Engineering geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 4 tables
Secondary Affiliation: U. S. Naval Academy, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 199923
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