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GEOREF RECORD

Swords into plowshares; military geology and national security projects

James T. Neal
Swords into plowshares; military geology and national security projects (in Military geology in war and peace, James R. Underwood (editor) and Peter L. Guth (editor))
Reviews in Engineering Geology (1998) 13: 111-116

Abstract

Military geology and national security projects are comparable, achieving their raison d"etre in support of national goals, military operations, and the systems that support them--all for vital national interests. The application of geoscience to these ends, especially engineering geology, has occurred from pole to pole and included every conceivable environment and natural condition. In the conduct of such projects, the geosciences have advanced, and vice versa. Desert trafficability, most notably regarding playa surfaces, is temporary and variable and not a persistent condition as some early authors believed. Playas in Australia, Iran, and the United States show that saline efflorescence is removed following surface water dissolution and subsequent deflation, resulting in very hard crusts. Magadiite, a hydrous sodium silicate and possible precursor of bedded chert, was first discovered in North America at Alkali Lake, Oregon, during a military project. Pleistocene Lake Trinity, a small and mostly buried evaporite basin in the northern Jornada del Muerto, New Mexico, was discovered during exploratory drilling in support of a military test program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR), operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, has underground cavern storage of approximately 600 million barrels of crude oil in five Gulf Coast salt domes. The geologic characterization of the SPR sites is a major component of these comprehensive engineered works--unparalleled in modern times and on a comparable scale with the Panama Canal. Numerous studies of salt-stock heterogeneity, salt-karst features, and structural and physical attributes of salt deposits are broadening the database for use in the commercial storage industry. Geologists serving in military and national security endeavors are fully functioning members of the project technical teams and have made significant advances to the geosciences.


ISSN: 0080-2018
EISSN: 2169-799X
Coden: GAEGA4
Serial Title: Reviews in Engineering Geology
Serial Volume: 13
Title: Swords into plowshares; military geology and national security projects
Title: Military geology in war and peace
Author(s): Neal, James T.
Author(s): Underwood, James R., Jr.editor
Author(s): Guth, Peter L.editor
Affiliation: Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, United States
Affiliation: Kansas State University, Department of Geology, Manhattan, KS, United States
Pages: 111-116
Published: 1998
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
ISBN: 0-8137-4113-0
References: 21
Accession Number: 1999-066805
Categories: Engineering geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
N29°00'00" - N33°00'00", W94°04'60" - W89°00'00"
N31°30'00" - N37°00'00", W109°04'60" - W103°00'00"
N42°00'00" - N46°19'60", W124°34'60" - W116°34'60"
Secondary Affiliation: U. S. Naval Academy, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 199923
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