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GEOREF RECORD

A transect through a clastic-swamp to peat-swamp ecotone in the Springfield Coal, Middle Pennsylvanian age of Indiana, USA

Tom L. Phillps and William A. DiMichele
A transect through a clastic-swamp to peat-swamp ecotone in the Springfield Coal, Middle Pennsylvanian age of Indiana, USA
Palaios (April 1998) 13 (2): 113-128

Abstract

Permineralized fossil plants in coal balls were collected along a kilometer transect through an organic-rich shale in the Springfield Coal in southwestern Indiana. The organic shale is an upper bench of the Springfield Coal in an area where the coal is split into an upper and lower bench by a complex system of clastics that originated as a splay. The clastic wedge, described as the Folsomville Member/Leslie Cemetery paleochannel, is up to 6 km wide and 15 m thick. The transect begins approximately 100 m from the edge of the clastic wedge that splits the coal seam and follows the upper bench of coal over and toward the center of the clastic wedge. The dominant elements of the vegetation were the lycopsid tree Paralycopodites brevifolius and several species of medullosan pteridosperms. This report confirms the ecotonal habitats of this vegetation.


ISSN: 0883-1351
Serial Title: Palaios
Serial Volume: 13
Serial Issue: 2
Title: A transect through a clastic-swamp to peat-swamp ecotone in the Springfield Coal, Middle Pennsylvanian age of Indiana, USA
Affiliation: University of Illinois, Department of Plant Biology, Urbana, IL, United States
Pages: 113-128
Published: 199804
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 57
Accession Number: 1998-055990
Categories: PaleobotanyPetrology of coal
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: ETE Contribution No. 43
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sect., 4 tables, sketch map
N37°49'60" - N38°15'00", W87°30'00" - W87°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Smithsonian Institution, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 199821
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