Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
GEOREF RECORD

Moment-tensor summation to derive the active crustal deformation in Japan

Anastasia A. Kiratzi and Constantinos B. Papazachos
Moment-tensor summation to derive the active crustal deformation in Japan
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (June 1996) 86 (3): 821-831

Abstract

The country of Japan and the surrounding area has been divided into 12 seismogenic sources, which belong to five belts with an almost uniform orientation of the stress field. In each one of these sources, the active crustal deformation has been determined, using the summation of the seismic moment tensors of mainly post-1964 earthquakes. The analysis showed that due to the subduction of the Philippine Sea plate beneath the Eurasian plate, the deformation is expressed as compression at a mean direction of N53 degrees W and an average rate of 1.5 cm/yr. The fault-plane solution corresponding to the summed tensor indicates low-angle thrust faulting with the following parameters: strike 226 degrees , dip 21 degrees , and rake 98 degrees . Along the Sagami trough, dextral strike-slip motion is predominant at an average rate of 6 cm/yr. The summed tensor corresponds to a fault-plane solution with strike 291 degrees , dip 73 degrees , and rake 180 degrees . Along the districts of Fukushima, Tohoku, and the Hokkaido Island, the motion of the Pacific plate toward Eurasia causes compression at a mean direction of N65 degrees W and an average rate of 4 cm/yr. The summed tensor corresponds to a fault-plane solution with strike 199 degrees , dip 18 degrees , and rake 81 degrees , that is, low-angle thrust faulting dipping toward the land. This pattern resembles the Hellenic arc, where the deformation is also taken up by motion on low-angle (18 degrees ) thrust faults dipping to the north. In the Tohoku district, the rate of motion reaches a value of 8 cm/yr, which is the highest calculated in the whole Japan area. In the inner part of the Japanese islands (along western Honshu and Niigata), the mean P axis is almost horizontal, trending nearly E-W. In western Honshu, the deformation is mainly expressed as dextral strike-slip motion at an average rate of 5 cm/yr in a N59 degrees E direction. The representative fault-plane solution for this area has strike 240 degrees , dip 81 degrees , and rake 173 degrees . At Niigata, the western coast of Hokkaido, and further north at Okushiri, the deformation is taken up as compression at a mean direction of N96 degrees E at an average rate of 2 cm/yr. The summed tensor corresponds to a fault-plane solution with strike 5 degrees , dip 41 degrees , and rake 90 degrees . The calculated directions and rates of motion along the Japanese islands are in good agreement with the expected values from plate-motion models.


ISSN: 0037-1106
EISSN: 1943-3573
Coden: BSSAAP
Serial Title: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Serial Volume: 86
Serial Issue: 3
Title: Moment-tensor summation to derive the active crustal deformation in Japan
Affiliation: University of Thessaloniki, Geophysical Laboratory, Saloniki, Greece
Pages: 821-831
Published: 199606
Text Language: English
Publisher: Seismological Society of America, Berkeley, CA, United States
References: 44
Accession Number: 1996-065944
Categories: Seismology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables, sketch maps
N30°00'00" - N45°00'00", E129°00'00" - E147°00'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 199620
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal