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Prehistoric earthquake deformations near Masada, Dead Sea Graben

Shmuel Marco and Amotz Agnon
Prehistoric earthquake deformations near Masada, Dead Sea Graben
Geology (Boulder) (August 1995) 23 (8): 695-698


Earthquake-induced fluidizations and suspensions of lake sediments, associated with syndepositional faults, form a paleoseismic record in the Dead Sea graben. The association of fluidized beds with surface faulting supports the recognition of mixed layers as reliable earthquake indicators and provides a tool for the study of very long term (>70 kar) seismicity along the Dead Sea transform. The faults compose a fault zone that offsets laminated sediments of the late Pleistocene Lake Lisan. They exhibit displacements of as much as 2 m. Layers of massive mixtures of laminated fragments are interpreted as disturbed beds, each formed by an earthquake. The undisturbed laminated layers between these mixed layers represent the interseismic interval. A typical vertical slip of about 0.5 m per event is separated by several hundred years of quiescence. The fault zone lies within the Dead Sea graben, 2 km east of Masada, where archaeology and historical accounts indicate repeated strong earthquake damage. The distribution of strikes in the fault zone resembles that of the faults exposed in and around the graben, including the seismogenic ones. The excellent exposures over hundreds of metres allow an unprecedented temporal and spatial resolution of slip events on faults.

ISSN: 0091-7613
EISSN: 1943-2682
Serial Title: Geology (Boulder)
Serial Volume: 23
Serial Issue: 8
Title: Prehistoric earthquake deformations near Masada, Dead Sea Graben
Affiliation: Hebrew University, Institute of Earth Sciences, Jerusalem, Israel
Pages: 695-698
Published: 199508
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 32
Accession Number: 1995-053225
Categories: Quaternary geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sketch maps
N31°10'00" - N31°30'00", E35°19'60" - E35°30'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 199519
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