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Water and volcanic activity

Arthur Louis Day, E. S. Shepherd, Reginald Aldworth Daly, William Morris Davis, Ernest Howe and James Furman Kemp
Water and volcanic activity
Bulletin of the Geological Society of America (1913) 24: 573-606


The authors summarize conclusions reached from analysis of the early gas collections from Kilauea, and tabulate analyses of both lava and gases collected from Halemaumau in 1911. They conclude that H (sub 2) O is an important primary constituent of the magmatic gas and regard the absence of argon as indicating the lack of contamination by atmospheric gases. The apparent anhydrous condition of the fume cloud, as reported by Brun (1911), is attributed to the drying effect of CO (sub 2) and SO (sub 2) . They regard exothermic reactions between the gases as an important source of volcanic heat at the surface. The authors also briefly speculate on the origin of aa clinkers, attributing the aa character to rapid internal cooling of masses of lava by adiabatic expansion of gases within them.

ISSN: 1050-9747
Serial Title: Bulletin of the Geological Society of America
Serial Volume: 24
Title: Water and volcanic activity
Pages: 573-606
Published: 1913
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
Accession Number: 1918-010138
Categories: Quaternary geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: 707 (discussion by W. M. Davis, R. A. Daly, J F. Kemp, and E. Howe)
N19°15'00" - N19°25'00", W155°19'60" - W155°04'60"
Source Note: Smiths Inst, An Rp 1913:275-305 (1914)
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from Bibliography and Index of North American Geology, U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, United States. Reference includes data from U. S. Geological Survey, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, , United States
Update Code: 1918
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