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The system controlling the composition of clastic sediments

Mark J. Johnsson
The system controlling the composition of clastic sediments (in Processes controlling the composition of clastic sediments, Mark J. Johnsson (editor) and Abhijit Basu (editor))
Special Paper - Geological Society of America (1993) 284: 1-19

Abstract

The composition of clastic sediments and rocks is controlled by a complex suite of parameters operating during pedogenesis, erosion, transport, deposition, and burial. The principal first-order parameters include source rock composition, modification by chemical weathering, mechanical disaggregation and abrasion, authigenic inputs, hydrodynamic sorting, and diagenesis. Each of these first-order parameters is influenced to varying degrees by such factors as the tectonic settings of the source region, transportational system and depositional environment, climate, vegetation, relief, slope, and the nature and energy of transportational and depositional systems. These factors are not independent; rather a complicated web of interrelationships and feedback mechanisms causes many factors to be modulated by others. Accordingly, processes controlling the composition of clastic sediments are best viewed as constituting a system, and in evaluating compositional information the dynamics of the system must be considered as whole.


ISSN: 0072-1077
EISSN: 2331-219X
Coden: GSAPAZ
Serial Title: Special Paper - Geological Society of America
Serial Volume: 284
Title: The system controlling the composition of clastic sediments
Title: Processes controlling the composition of clastic sediments
Author(s): Johnsson, Mark J.
Author(s): Johnsson, Mark J.editor
Author(s): Basu, Abhijiteditor
Affiliation: U. S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA, United States
Affiliation: U. S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA, United States
Pages: 1-19
Published: 1993
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 301
Accession Number: 1994-013887
Categories: Geochemistry of rocks, soils, and sedimentsSedimentary petrology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
Secondary Affiliation: Indiana University, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 199406
Program Name: USGSOPNon-USGS publications with USGS authors
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