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GEOREF RECORD

The Mameyes, Puerto Rico, landslide disaster of October 7, 1985

Randall W. Jibson
The Mameyes, Puerto Rico, landslide disaster of October 7, 1985 (in Landslides/landslide mitigation, James E. Slosson (editor), Arthur G. Keene (editor) and Jeffrey A. Johnson (editor))
Reviews in Engineering Geology (1992) 9: 37-54

Abstract

From October 5-8, 1985, a tropical wave centered about 25 km northeast of Ponce, Puerto Rico, produced as much as 560 mm of rainfall in 24 hours and as much as 70 mm in one hour. This extraordinarily heavy rainfall triggered a rock-block slide that destroyed much of the Mameyes residential area, on the northwest outskirts of Ponce. The Mameyes landslide failed in three distinct phases between 3:00 and 4:00 a.m. (local time) on October 7, 1985. The first two phases of sliding involved translational sliding of two 12-m-thick slabs of calcareous-sandstone bedrock along bedding-plane surfaces parallel to the slope surface. The third phase of sliding involved the toppling failure of a block that disaggregated and formed a rock fall on the western part of the slide. Subsidiary flow failures onto the toe and from the downstream face of the toe were triggered by the heavy rainfall and the rupture of a water pipe that emptied as much as 4 million liters of water onto the slide. The Mameyes landslide is approximately triangular in plan view; the maximum width and length are both about 250 m. The total area of the landslide is approximately 35,000 m (super 2) , and the slab of bedrock and soil that failed is about 12 m thick and comprises approximately 300,000 m (super 3) . The landslide moved downslope 30 m, parallel to the 17 degrees -24 degrees bedrock dip. At most, an estimated 120 homes were destroyed by the landslide, and at least 129 people were killed, though only 39 bodies were recovered. This death toll is the largest from a single landslide in North American history. Calculations of the prelandslide slope stability at the site indicate that when the water table was below the potential shear surface, the factor of safety against failure was about 1.26. A water table about 6 m above the shear surface, which would saturate half the thickness of the slide block, reduces the factor of safety to 1.0. A water table at this level is a reasonable result of the conditions preceding failure. The landslide area has been stabilized by engineering measures and was developed as a memorial park to the landslide victims.


ISSN: 0080-2018
EISSN: 2169-799X
Coden: GAEGA4
Serial Title: Reviews in Engineering Geology
Serial Volume: 9
Title: The Mameyes, Puerto Rico, landslide disaster of October 7, 1985
Title: Landslides/landslide mitigation
Author(s): Jibson, Randall W.
Author(s): Slosson, James E.editor
Author(s): Keene, Arthur G.editor
Author(s): Johnson, Jeffrey A.editor
Affiliation: U. S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO, United States
Affiliation: Slosson and Associates, Van Nuys, CA, United States
Pages: 37-54
Published: 1992
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
ISBN: 0-8137-4109-2
References: 13
Accession Number: 1993-026303
Categories: Engineering geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 1 table, sketch map
N18°01'00" - N18°01'00", W66°35'60" - W66°35'60"
Secondary Affiliation: Jeffrey A. Johnson, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 1993
Program Name: USGSOPNon-USGS publications with USGS authors
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