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GEOREF RECORD

Jurassic volcanic glass from the Stonyford volcanic complex, Franciscan assemblage, Northern California Coast Ranges

John W. Shervais and Barry B. Hanan
Jurassic volcanic glass from the Stonyford volcanic complex, Franciscan assemblage, Northern California Coast Ranges
Geology (Boulder) (June 1989) 17 (6): 510-514

Abstract

Hyaloclastite breccias that occur near the top of the Stonyford volcanic complex contain abundant volcanic glass and rare basaltic clasts that have not been altered significantly by hydrothermal processes or by subsequent metamorphism. They resemble hyaloclastites observed in the summit regions of young Pacific seamounts, and appear to have formed by submarine fire fountains, during which globules of the erupting lava were fragmented by thermal shock from contact with seawater. These breccias contain the first-reported occurrence of unaltered olivine (Fo (sub 86) ) and plagioclase (An (sub 63-80) ) in volcanic rocks of the Franciscan complex.The glasses are rich in K (sub 2) O, Nb, Zr, Rb, and Sr relative to both normal and enriched mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB), and low in Y, V, and Sc. Pillow lavas intercalated with the hyaloclastites and a crystalline basalt clast have similar compositional characteristics. These magmas are similar to alkalic and transitional basalts that are common in intraplate seamounts and along oceanic spreading centers associated with large ion lithophile element (LILE)-enriched mantle plumes. Other volcanic rocks of the Stonyford complex are LILE-rich tholeiitic basalts and ferrobasalts characteristic of intraplate seamounts. A heterogeneous source region that has at least two distinct end members is suggested by the Zr-Nb systematics: depleted suboceanic asthenosphere (normal MORB-type source) and enriched asthenosphere.


ISSN: 0091-7613
EISSN: 1943-2682
Coden: GLGYBA
Serial Title: Geology (Boulder)
Serial Volume: 17
Serial Issue: 6
Title: Jurassic volcanic glass from the Stonyford volcanic complex, Franciscan assemblage, Northern California Coast Ranges
Affiliation: Univ. S.C., Dep. Geol. Sci., Columbia, SC, United States
Pages: 510-514
Published: 198906
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 26
Accession Number: 1989-049187
Categories: Geochemistry of rocks, soils, and sedimentsIgneous and metamorphic petrology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables
N38°40'00" - N39°34'00", W123°04'00" - W122°24'00"
N39°25'00" - N39°45'00", W122°55'00" - W121°52'00"
N38°55'00" - N39°25'00", W122°47'60" - W121°49'60"
Secondary Affiliation: Univ. R.I., USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 1989
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