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Nonlinear seismic trace interpolation

Douglas G. Martinson and John R. Hopper
Nonlinear seismic trace interpolation
Geophysics (January 1992) 57 (1): 136-145


The nonlinear correlation technique has been used to guide a seismic trace interpolant to fill gaps in seismic surveys, replace noisy traces, and produce evenly spaced arrays. Given an initial alignment (NMO correction for prestack data and manually inserted correlation lines for post-stack data), the correlation aligns corresponding features between adjacent seismic traces and quantifies the traveltime difference between the traces on a point-for-point basis. This information is used to construct synthetic (interpolated) traces, at any arbitrary distance between the correlated traces, which preserve dip and amplitude changes of the individual reflectors, assuming that such dip and amplitude changes occur linearly (or some other specified functional form) between the correlated traces.The technique is applied to a 48-channel, NMO corrected, CDP gather and to a stacked seismic section to demonstrate its use, sensitivities, and limitations in processing and geologic interpretation studies. Traces synthesized in the CDP gather filling an artificial gap 0.85 km wide reproduce the true traces from the gap with good fidelity (correlation coefficients between the synthetic and real traces average > or =0.85). In another example, approximately 85 percent of the variance of the original 48-channel CDP gather is recovered through interpolation by using only 16 channels. A stacked section, with true trace spacing of 25 m, was decimated to 100 m trace spacing, then interpolated to restore the original 25 m spacing. The interpolated traces reproduce the real traces with correlations of > or =0.95, thus recovering > or =90 percent of the variance of the original section.

ISSN: 0016-8033
EISSN: 1942-2156
Coden: GPYSA7
Serial Title: Geophysics
Serial Volume: 57
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Nonlinear seismic trace interpolation
Affiliation: Lamont-Doherty Geol. Obs., Palisades, NY, United States
Pages: 136-145
Published: 199201
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 14
Accession Number: 1992-003670
Categories: Applied geophysics
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sects.
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 1992
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