Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
GEOREF RECORD

G. K. Gilbert and the great iceberg-calving glaciers of Alaska

Mark P. Meier and Austin Post
G. K. Gilbert and the great iceberg-calving glaciers of Alaska (in The scientific ideas of G. K. Gilbert; an assessment on the occasion of the centennial of the United States Geological Survey (1879-1979), Ellis L. Yochelson (editor))
Special Paper - Geological Society of America (1980) (183): 115-123

Abstract

G. K. Gilbert, as a member of the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899, studied and described nearly 40 glaciers, many of which reached the sea and produced icebergs. Gilbert"s maps and photographs from marked locations are still being used to record glacier fluctuations, as at Columbia Glacier. Noting that some termini were stable or advancing but that others were retreating rapidly, he suggested that a general change in climate, perhaps related to a change in ocean temperature, might cause such local differences in behavior. This conclusion was remarkably prescient, but it is now known that terminus stability is also involved. Gilbert"s discussions of the processes of glacier flow adjustment to an uneven bed, glacial erosion (including erosion below sea level), and variations in the rate of iceberg calving are remarkably modern and relate to one of the most important problems in glaciology today--the role of a water layer in coupling a glacier to its bed.


ISSN: 0072-1077
EISSN: 2331-219X
Coden: GSAPAZ
Serial Title: Special Paper - Geological Society of America
Serial Issue: 183
Title: G. K. Gilbert and the great iceberg-calving glaciers of Alaska
Title: The scientific ideas of G. K. Gilbert; an assessment on the occasion of the centennial of the United States Geological Survey (1879-1979)
Author(s): Meier, Mark P.Post, Austin
Author(s): Yochelson, Ellis L.editor
Affiliation: U. S. Geol. Surv., Tacoma, WA, United States
Affiliation: U. S. Geol. Surv., Washington, DC, United States
Pages: 115-123
Published: 1980
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
ISBN: 0-8137-2183-0
References: 12
Accession Number: 1982-025126
Categories: Geomorphology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sects.
N51°00'00" - N72°00'00", W130°00'00" - E173°00'00"
N48°25'00" - N60°00'00", W139°00'00" - W114°00'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 1982
Program Name: USGSOPNon-USGS publications with USGS authors
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal