ABSTRACT

Wavefield properties such as traveltime and relative geometric spreading (traveltime derivatives) are highly essential in seismic data processing and can be used in stacking, time-domain migration, and amplitude variation with offset analysis. Due to the complexity of an elastic orthorhombic (ORT) medium, analysis of these properties becomes reasonably difficult, where accurate explicit-form approximations are highly recommended. We have defined the shifted hyperbola form, Taylor series (TS), and the rational form (RF) approximations for P-wave traveltime and relative geometric spreading in an elastic ORT model. Because the parametric form expression for the P-wave vertical slowness in the derivation is too complicated, TS (expansion in offset) is applied to facilitate the derivation of approximate coefficients. The same approximation forms computed in the acoustic ORT model also are derived for comparison. In the numerical tests, three ORT models with parameters obtained from real data are used to test the accuracy of each approximation. The numerical examples yield results in which, apart from the error along the y-axis in ORT model 2 for the relative geometric spreading, the RF approximations all are very accurate for all of the tested models in practical applications.

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