Abstract

Magnetic and gravimetric surveys were conducted over an area of approximately 1400 square miles in the bauxite district of central Arkansas. The primary purpose of these surveys was to discover any possible buried and hitherto unknown syenite masses favorable for the occurrence of bauxite and to determine the approximate position of the buried flanks of the known syenite masses which might offer conditions favorable for the discovery of new ore bodies. These surveys indicated that the various syenite outcrops are domes or bosses on a large batholith and that other similar domes occur on the batholith but do not outcrop. Drilling on the local geophysical anomalies proved the presence of 10 buried domes, but only 2 were found to project above the upper surface of the Midway clays, a requisite of conditions favorable for the occurrence of bauxite ore bodies. The geophysical data indicated the approximate configuration of the buried flanks of the known syenite outcrops, and the portions of these flanks that project above the Midway have now been outlined more accurately by drilling. The geophysical surveys have produced evidence permitting the elimination of a large area as unfavorable for the occurrence of bauxite. Magnetic surveys extending along the Midway-Wilcox contact from Gurdon in Clark County on the southwest to Searcy in White County on the northeast have proved the improbability of the existence of other syenite masses similar to those found in Pulaski and Saline Counties. A detailed magnetic survey of the Magnet Cove area in Hot Spring County has proved that the syenite mass exposed in that locality is an isolated intrusion and entirely unrelated to those of Pulaski and Saline Counties. This syenite mass does not occur under conditions believed to be favorable for the occurrence of bauxite.

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