The presence of a sonic logging tool affects the propagation characteristics of dipole-flexural waves in a fluid-filled borehole. As a result, the tool effect should be considered during the processing and inversion of the dipole-flexural waves for the acoustic properties of a shear wave (S wave). We show that the presence of the tool not only changes the slowness dispersion of the flexural wave but also results in a shift of its frequency-dependent attenuation toward lower frequencies. The equivalent tool theory (ETT) can realistically model the effect of an acoustic tool on guided wave propagation. With the ETT framework, we develop a unified workflow for estimating the S-wave slowness and attenuation from dipole array acoustic waveforms. The workflow is an extension of the model-based dispersive processing of dipole logging data. Our workflow involves two inversion procedures. By matching the actual dispersion data with the theoretical dispersion predicted by the ETT, we can invert the S-wave slowness and tool parameters. With the estimated S-wave slowness and other borehole parameters, we further calculate the partition coefficients of flexural waves using the ETT. Based on the concept of energy partitioning, we formulate a linear optimization problem and invert for the S-wave attenuation from the frequency-dependent dipole attenuation. We use synthetic and field data to demonstrate the effectiveness and applicability of the developed method. The results show that it is important to incorporate the tool effect when processing dipole acoustic logging data for S-wave slowness and attenuation, especially in a fast formation.

You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.