The building of a subsurface and (anisotropic) velocity model from a single gather of reflection traveltime (kinematic) data is inherently ambiguous because the processing of such data can only determine a horizontal slowness component, not a vertical one. Based thereon, I derive a simple algorithm that generates an infinite series of combinations of the subsurface-velocity models, all of which will show nearly the same seismic kinematic response, as further demonstrated by simulating wave propagation through a model with different interface dips. This algorithm assumes, first, that all interface dips remain constant over the distance considered and, second, that an approximation of the elasticity model — that is, the linearization of a phase velocity — valid for weak anisotropy can be used. Furthermore, when applied to the classic and analytically solvable case of traveltime analysis for a stack of flat layers with weak transverse isotropy, the algorithm theoretically explains the combination of anisotropy parameters that govern the nonhyperbolic term of a traveltime series: the established η and its new counterpart χ for a qP̀qP�? and qSV̀qSV�? wave, respectively.

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