Full-waveform inversion (FWI) is an effective method that uses kinematic and dynamic information to provide an accurate image of the subsurface target. By applying the Bayesian approaches to FWI workflow, the traditional deterministic solution is replaced with a maximum a posteriori solution. This provides not only a reliable subsurface model for the nonlinear inverse scattering problem but also an uncertainty quantification. The high computational cost of the Bayesian FWI and the complexity of a large-scale anisotropy inversion, however, restrict its application in industrial settings. We have developed an FWI approach for tilted transversely isotropic (TTI) media. The strain field and the particle displacement of the anisotropic media are expressed by an integral method based on the scattering theory and an explicit multiscattering modified Green’s function. To reduce the computational cost, the wavefield is calculated by using the preconditioned generalized minimal residual iterative solver, which approximates the solution in the Krylov subspace. The Fréchet derivatives are expressed by using the distorted Born iterative method. An iterated extended Kalman filter is applied to solve the inverse problem and the posterior covariance matrix frequency-by-frequency. Numerical experiments indicate that the presented methodology can reasonably reconstruct the elastic moduli of the TTI medium. Furthermore, the numerical experiments demonstrate the accuracy and feasibility of our methodology.

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