ABSTRACT

In reverse time migration (RTM), wavefield decomposition can play an important role in addressing the issue of migration noise, especially low-frequency noise. The complete wavefield decomposition based on the Hilbert transform is a commonly used method in RTM, but it is accompanied by extra wavefield simulation and wavefield storage. We have developed three distinct methods. The first is a convenient method for wavefield decomposition, which is based on Poynting vectors. Only the unit vector in one direction is needed to realize the wavefield decomposition in an arbitrary direction by this method. It breaks through the limitation that the Hilbert transform-based method is applicable only to the up- and downgoing wave or left- and right-going wave decomposition, and the calculation cost is negligible compared with RTM. The second is a method based on the instantaneous wavenumber, which we developed for calculating the wave propagation direction. On the basis of wavefield decomposition, the imaging angle gather from the new method performs better than that of the Poynting vector method. Meanwhile, it also is used for generating the incident angle gather and dip angle gather. The latter expresses the dip angle of underground strata. More importantly, the above methods allow us to control the wavefield decomposition direction and three angles at any position underground. The third adopts a stratigraphic imaging condition method, and we briefly analyze the relationship between the new method and the inverse-scattering imaging condition. The stratigraphic imaging condition maps the results to the dip angle of the stratum through a spatial gradient wavefield, which can enhance the effective imaging information. The above three kinds of angle gathers also can be constructed by the stratigraphic imaging condition. Numerical experiments demonstrate that the imaging results and the angle gathers obtained by our proposed method have higher accuracy and resolution.

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