ABSTRACT

We have studied the reflection and transmission of elastic waves incident on an interface separating an elastic solid and a double-porosity medium described by the Biot-Rayleigh model that considers the effect of local fluid flow (LFF). The P1- and SV-wave incidence generates two reflected elastic waves in the elastic solid and four transmitted inhomogeneous waves in the double-porosity medium, represented by Helmholtz potential functions. The reflection and transmission coefficients are derived in closed form based on the boundary conditions at the interface. Energy ratios are then derived, and energy conservation at the interface is verified. The contribution of fluid flow to the three transmitted longitudinal waves in the double-porosity medium is expressed as a function of frequency, the transmission coefficient, and the corresponding slowness vector. Numerical examples indicate that LFF predicts significant compressional-wave velocity dispersion in the seismic band, and frequency-dependent reflection and transmission coefficients. For the case in which the incidence angle is larger than the critical angle, the transmitted P1-wave shows a nonzero energy flux in the vertical direction, whereas it does not if LFF is absent.

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