Crosshole ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is applied in areas that require a very detailed subsurface characterization. Analysis of such data typically relies on tomographic inversion approaches providing an image of subsurface parameters. We have developed an approach for processing the reflected energy in crosshole GPR data and applied it on GPR data acquired in different sedimentary settings. Our approach includes muting of the first arrivals, separating the up- and the downgoing wavefield components, and backpropagating the reflected energy by a generalized Kirchhoff migration scheme. We obtain a reflection image that contains information on the location of electromagnetic property contrasts, thus outlining subsurface architecture in the interborehole plane. In combination with velocity models derived from different tomographic approaches, these images allow for a more detailed interpretation of subsurface structures without the need to acquire additional field data. In particular, a combined interpretation of the reflection image and the tomographic velocity model improves the ability to locate layer boundaries and to distinguish different subsurface units. To support our interpretations of our field data examples, we compare our crosshole reflection results with independent information, including borehole logs and surface GPR data.

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