ABSTRACT

Migration of seismic reflection data leads to artifacts due to the presence of internal multiple reflections. Recent developments have shown that these artifacts can be avoided using Marchenko redatuming or Marchenko multiple elimination. These are powerful concepts, but their implementation comes at a considerable computational cost. We have derived a scheme to image the subsurface of the medium with significantly reduced computational cost and artifacts. This scheme is based on the projected Marchenko equations. The measured reflection response is required as input, and a data set with primary reflections and nonphysical primary reflections is created. Original and retrieved data sets are migrated, and the migration images are multiplied with each other, after which the square root is taken to give the artifact-reduced image. We showed the underlying theory and introduced the effectiveness of this scheme with a 2D numerical example.

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