ABSTRACT

We have determined how the measured polarization and traveltime for P- and S-waves can be used directly with vertical seismic profile data for estimating the salt exit points in a salt-proximity survey. As with interferometry, the processes described use only local velocities. For the data analyzed in this paper, our procedures have confirmed the location, inferred from surface-seismic data, of the flank of a steeply dipping salt body near the well. This has provided us more confidence in the estimated reservoir extent moving toward the salt face, which in turn has added critical information for the economic evaluation of a possible new well into the reservoir. We also have found that ray-based vector migration, based on the assumptions of locally plane wavefronts and locally plane formation interfaces, can be used to create 3D reflection images of steeply dipping sediments near the well, again using only local velocities. Our local reflection images have helped confirm the dips of the sediments between the well and the salt flank. Because all parameters used in these processes are local and can be extracted from the data themselves, the processes can be considered to be self-sufficient.

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