Velocity analysis can be a time-consuming task when performed manually. Methods have been proposed to automate the process of velocity analysis, which, however, typically requires significant manual effort. We have developed a convolutional neural network (CNN) to estimate stacking velocities directly from the semblance. Our CNN model uses two images as one input data for training. One is an entire semblance (guide image), and the other is a small patch (target image) extracted from the semblance at a specific time step. Labels for each input data set are the root mean square velocities. We generate the training data set using synthetic data. After training the CNN model with synthetic data, we test the trained model with another synthetic data that were not used in the training step. The results indicate that the model can predict a consistent velocity model. We also noticed that when the input data are extremely different from those used for the training, the CNN model will hardly pick the correct velocities. In this case, we adopt transfer learning to update the trained model (base model) with a small portion of the target data to improve the accuracy of the predicted velocity model. A marine data set from the Gulf of Mexico is used for validating our new model. The updated model performed a reasonable velocity analysis in seconds.

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