ABSTRACT

To eliminate crosstalk within the imaging results of elastic reverse time migration (ERTM), we can separate the coupled P- and S-waves from the forward source wavefield and the backpropagated receiver wavefield. The P- and S-wave decoupling method retains the original phase, amplitude, and physical meaning in the separated wavefields. Thus, it is a vital wavefield separation method in ERTM. However, because these decomposed wavefields are vectors, we could consider how to retrieve scalar images that reveal the real reflectivity of the subsurface. For this purpose, we derive a scalar P-wave equation from the velocity-stress relationship for PP imaging. The phase and amplitude of this scalar P-wave are consistent with the scalarized P-wave. Therefore, this scalar P-wave can be exploited to perform PP imaging directly, with the imaging result retaining the amplitude characteristics. For PS imaging, it is difficult to calculate a dynamic preserved scalar S-wave. However, we have developed a scalar PS imaging method that divides the PS image into energy and sign components according to the geometric relationship between the wavefield vibration and propagation directions. The energy is calculated through the amplitude crosscorrelation of the forward P-wave and backpropagated S-wave from the receivers. The sign is obtained from the dot product of the forward P-wave vector and the backpropagated S-wave vector. These PP and PS imaging methods are suitable for 2D and 3D isotropic media and maintain the correct amplitude information while eliminating polarity-reversal phenomena. Several numerical models are used to verify the robustness and effectiveness of our method.

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