ABSTRACT

Seismic wave reflection and transmission (R/T) responses characterize the subsurface local property, and the widely spread anisotropy has considerable influences even at small incident angles. We have considered layered transversely isotropic media with horizontal symmetry axes (HTI), and the symmetry axes were not restricted to be aligned. With the assumption of weak contrast across the interface, linear approximations for R/T coefficients normalized by vertical energy flux are derived based on a simple layered HTI model. We also obtain the approximation with the isotropic background medium under an additional weak anisotropy assumption. Numerical tests illustrate the good accuracy of the approximations compared with the exact results.

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