The conventional equation for 3D edge diffractions in the Cartesian coordinate system lacks angle information for studying the energy patterns in 3D seismic prestack data. Here, a new calculation method is presented for determining 3D edge-diffraction coefficients in a spherical coordinate system that can formulate the coefficients according to the azimuth and emergence angles. To avoid the singularity phenomenon, a Haar wavelet operator matrix is used for this new method. Analysis of the edge-diffraction coefficients variations with azimuth in the common-shot domain, common-receiver domain, and common-midpoint domain reveals that the variation curves of the coefficients can be used to identify the trend of a fault. The phenomenon of polarity reversal of the edge-diffraction coefficients is observed in the different domains, and the coefficients in the common-shot domain are more sensitive than in other domains.

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