ABSTRACT

We have evaluated several published models using induced polarization (IP) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements for the estimation of permeability of hydrocarbon reservoir samples. IP and NMR measurements were made on 30 samples (clean sands and sandstones) from a Persian Gulf hydrocarbon reservoir. We assessed the applicability of a mechanistic IP-permeability model and an empirical IP-permeability model recently proposed. The mechanistic model results in a broader range of permeability estimates than those measured for sand samples, whereas the empirical model tends to overestimate the permeability of the samples that we tested. We also evaluated an NMR permeability prediction model that is based on porosity ϕ and the mean of the log transverse relaxation time (T2ml). This model provides reasonable permeability estimations for the clean sandstones that we tested but relies on calibrated parameters. We also examined an IP-NMR permeability model, which is based on the peak of the transverse relaxation time distribution, T2p and the formation factor. This model consistently underestimates the permeability of the samples tested. We also evaluated a new model. This model estimates the permeability using the arithmetic mean of log transverse NMR relaxation time (T2ml) and diffusion coefficient of the pore fluid. Using this model, we improved estimates of permeability for sandstones and sand samples. This permeability model may offer a practical solution for geophysically derived estimates of permeability in the field, although testing on a larger database of clean granular materials is needed.

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