We developed a case study of seismic resolution enhancement for shale-oil reservoirs in the Q Depression, China, featured by rhythmic bedding. We proposed an innovative method for resolution enhancement, called the full-band extension method. We implemented this method in three consecutive steps: wavelet extraction, filter construction, and data filtering. First, we extracted a constant-phase wavelet from the entire seismic data set. Then, we constructed the full-band extension filter in the frequency domain using the least-squares inversion method. Finally, we applied the band extension filter to the entire seismic data set. We determined that this full-band extension method, with a stretched frequency band from 7–70 to 2–90 Hz, may significantly enhance 3D seismic resolution and distinguish reflection events of rhythmite groups in shale-oil reservoirs.