ABSTRACT

Starting from the dispersion relation and setting S-wave velocity along symmetry axes to zero, pseudoacoustic-wave equations have been proposed to describe the kinematics of acoustic wavefields in transversely isotropic (TI) and orthorhombic media. To date, the numerical stability of the pseudoacoustic-wave equations has been improved by developing coupled systems of wave equations; however, most simulations still suffer from S-wave artifacts that are the fundamental solutions of the fourth- and sixth-order partial differential equations. Pure quasi-P-wave equations accurately describe the traveltimes of P-waves in TI and orthorhombic media and are free of S-wave artifacts. However, it is difficult to directly solve the pure quasi-P-wave equations using conventional finite-difference schemes due to the presence of pseudo-differential operators. We approximated these pseudo-differential operators by algebraic expressions, whose coefficients can be determined by minimizing differences between the true and approximated values of the pseudo-differential operators in the wavenumber domain. The derived new coupled systems involve modified acoustic-wave equations and a Poisson’s equation that can be solved by conventional finite-difference stencils and fast Poisson’s solver. Several 2D and 3D numerical examples demonstrate that the simulations based on the new systems are free of S-wave artifacts and have correct kinematics of quasi-P-waves in TI and orthorhombic media.

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