We have developed a prediction model for dominant frequency and amplitude of blast-induced seismic waves. A blast expansion cavity is used to establish a relationship between the explosive properties and amplitude frequency of blast-induced seismic waves. In this model, the dominant frequency and amplitude of blast-induced seismic waves are mainly influenced by the initial pressure and the adiabatic exponent of explosives in the same medium. The dominant frequency increases with the decreasing initial pressure or the increasing adiabatic exponent. This prediction model is compared with the experiments. The difference in the blast cavity between the prediction model and the field experiment is in the range of 5%–9%, and the difference in the dominant frequency is within 18.8%–46.0%. The comparison indicates that the model can reasonably predict the frequency and amplitude of blast-induced seismic waves.