The inversion of geoelectric data is nonunique. Therefore, electric resistivity tomography (ERT) usually results in different subsurface models that fit observed apparent resistivity values equally well. To reduce the uncertainty, constraints on the geometry and resistivity of subsurface structures can be incorporated into the ERT inversion. We test different ways of constraining ERT by applying (1) improved starting models, (2) structural constraints, and (3) structural and resistivity constraints. A priori information is needed for these approaches, which is acquired from direct push electrical conductivity (DP-EC) logs and vibracores in our study. We found that adapting high vertical resolution of DP-EC logs to coarser ERT resolution requires blocking of the logs. These blocked logs can be used for constraining the ERT inversion with resistivity and structural constraints along so-called regions around the log locations, which was found to be the best approach. In this case, ground truthing with additional DP-EC logs that were not used for constraining showed the lowest root-mean-square error between logs and ERT model.

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