ABSTRACT

Stratigraphic filtering (SF), or short-period multiples, is prominent in cyclically stratified sedimentation with large impedance contrasts that result in normal-incident reflection magnitudes greater than 0.5. Because SF attenuates and delays the propagating wavelet, similar to the effects of Q attenuation, the integrity of well ties is often jeopardized. A method is proposed to obtain better well ties in areas with severe SF. Starting with a well-log acoustic impedance curve, two-way transmitted wavefields and their equivalent inverse filters are generated at each time sample. Because a time-varying convolution of the transmitted wavefields with the primary-only reflectivity yields the multiple reflectivity, a time-varying deconvolution of the multiple synthetic with the inverse filters yields the primary-only reflectivity. In essence, when the multiple synthetic matches the near-angle stack at a well location, the near-angle stack is deconvolved in a time-varying fashion to match the primary-only synthetic, which then constitutes a correlation with the acoustic impedance yielding a good well tie. This new well-tie technique preserves the integrity of the lithologic interpretation because stretching and squeezing the time scale of the primary-only synthetic to force a seismic match are avoided. Our well-tie method is applied to the synthetic and field data from Cooper Basin, Australia, where more than 30 coal beds are observed within a 1000 ft (304 m) interval.

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