ABSTRACT

We have developed approximate nonhyperbolic P-wave moveout formulas applicable to weakly or moderately anisotropic media of arbitrary anisotropy symmetry and orientation. Instead of the commonly used Taylor expansion of the square of the reflection traveltime in terms of the square of the offset, we expand the square of the reflection traveltime in terms of weak-anisotropy (WA) parameters. No acoustic approximation is used. We specify the formulas designed for anisotropy of arbitrary symmetry for the transversely isotropic (TI) media with the axis of symmetry oriented arbitrarily in the 3D space. Resulting formulas depend on three P-wave WA parameters specifying the TI symmetry and two angles specifying the orientation of the axis of symmetry. Tests of the accuracy of the more accurate of the approximate formulas indicate that maximum relative errors do not exceed 0.3% or 2.5% for weak or moderate P-wave anisotropy, respectively.

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