ABSTRACT

The elastic moduli of the mineral constituents of the rock matrix are among the principal inputs in all rock-physics velocity-porosity-mineralogy models. Published experimental data indicate that the elastic moduli for essentially any mineral vary. The ranges of these variations are especially wide for clay. The question addressed here is how to select, based on well data, concrete values for clay’s elastic constants where those for other minerals are fixed. The approach is to find a rock-physics model for zero-clay intervals and then adjust the clay’s constants to describe the intervals dominated by clay using the same model. We examine three data sets from clastic environments, each represented by three wells, where the selected constants for clay were different between the fields but stable within each field. These constants can then be used for seismic forward modeling and interpretation in a specific field away from well control and within a depth range represented in the wells. In essence, we introduce the concept of elastic mineral facies where we identify clay as a mineral with certain elastic moduli rather than by its chemical formula.

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