Based on the energy conservation principle, we derive a scalar imaging condition for anisotropic elastic wavefield migration. Compared with conventional imaging conditions that correlate displacement components or potentials from source and receiver wavefields, the proposed imaging condition does not suffer from polarity reversal, which degrades the image quality after stacking over shots. Our imaging condition also accounts for the directionality of the wavefields in space and time, leading to the attenuation of backscattering artifacts, which commonly appear in elastic reverse time migration images in the presence of strong model contrasts. In addition, our new imaging condition does not require wave-mode decomposition, which demands significant additional cost for elastic wavefields in anisotropic media. To properly image structures, we rely on the anisotropy parameters used in migration, as one would do for any other imaging condition. Our imaging condition is suitable for arbitrary anisotropy. We show the successful application of the anisotropic energy imaging condition by performing numerical experiments on simple and complex geologic models. We compare its quality with conventional counterparts by simulating complex geologic settings with vertical or tilted transverse isotropy.

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