ABSTRACT

Seismic facies analysis plays an important role in seismic stratigraphy. Seismic attributes have been widely applied to seismic facies analysis. One of the most important steps is to optimize the most sensitive attributes with regard to reservoir characteristics. Using different attribute combinations in multidimensional analyses will yield different solutions. Acoustic waves and seismic waves propagating in an elastic medium follow the same law of physics. The generation process of a speech signal based on the acoustic model is similar to the seismic data of the convolution model. We have developed the mel-frequency cepstrum coefficients (MFCCs), which have been successfully applied in speech recognition, as feature parameters for seismic facies analysis. Information about the wavelet and reflection coefficients is well-separated in these cepstrum-domain parameters. Specifically, information about the wavelet mainly appears in the low-domain part, and information about the reflection coefficients mainly appeared in the high-domain part. In the forward model, the seismic MFCCs are used as feature vectors for synthetic data with a noise level of zero and 5%. The Bayesian network is used to classify the traces. Then, classification accuracy rates versus different orders of the MFCCs are obtained. The forwarding results indicate that high accuracy rates are achieved when the order exceeds 10. For the real field data, the seismic data are decomposed into a set of MFCC parameters. The different information is unfolded in the parameter maps, enabling the interpreter to capture the geologic features of the target interval. The geologic features presented in the three instantaneous attributes and coherence can also be found in the MFCC parameter maps. The classification results are in accordance with the paleogeomorphy of the target interval as well as the known wells. The results from the synthetic data and real field data demonstrate the information description abilities of the seismic MFCC parameters. Therefore, using the speech feature parameters to extract information may be helpful for processing and interpreting seismic data.

You do not currently have access to this article.