ABSTRACT

Moveout approximations are commonly used in velocity analysis and time-domain seismic imaging. We revisit the previously proposed generalized nonhyperbolic moveout approximation and develop its extension to the 3D multiazimuth case. The advantages of the generalized moveout approximation are its high accuracy and its ability to reduce to several other known approximations with particular choices of parameters. The proposed 3D functional form involves 17 independent parameters instead of five as in the 2D case. These parameters can be defined by zero-offset traveltime attributes and four additional far-offset rays. In our tests, the proposed approximation achieves significantly higher accuracy than previously proposed 3D approximations.

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