ABSTRACT

The instantaneous phase of a complex trace is normally computed as an inverse tangent function of the ratio between its imaginary and real parts. This algorithm often produces a discontinuous function in the range [π, +π], as the principal value of the inverse tangent is assumed. The attempt of removing these discontinuities, called phase unwrapping, introduces uncertainties and some personal bias because it requires user-defined parameters. A new algorithm that does not require any of these parameters is presented with the related software code and some application examples. The results indicate a fair robustness of the estimates with respect to the noise, for the instantaneous phase and frequency. In addition, the median-averaged instantaneous frequency is a useful tool for the seismic stratigraphy analysis.

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