ABSTRACT

We have used the wavenumber integration, velocity-time semblance, and dispersion methods to investigate the influence of collar properties including velocities, density, and attenuation on acoustic logging-while-drilling wavefields. We have found that when the velocities of the collar wave and the P-wave of the formation are similar, they interfere. However, the interference disappears when the velocity difference increases. Having a collar with large velocities (especial large shear velocity) and density makes the direct P-velocity determination possible in a fast formation even without isolators. For a slow formation, the interference of the collar flexural wave with the formation flexural and leaky P-waves is slight for a dipole tool when collar velocities are large. For this case, the S velocity can be determined by the flexural formation wave at low frequency (approximately 2 kHz). Based on these observations, we propose that the measurement of the P- and S-velocities can be easier if the collar is made of an advanced composite material that has high compressional and shear velocities as well as density. This is a direct and easy change to implement and a new idea for an acoustic logging-while-drilling tool design.

You do not currently have access to this article.